Reading and Other Materials for METR 4433
Mesoscale Meteorology
Spring 2016

 

Unit 1:  Definitions of "Mesoscale"

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Lecture notes for Unit 1

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Read Chapter 1 in Markowski and Richardson

Unit 2:  Mountain Wave Dynamics and Downslope Windstorms

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Read Chapter 12 in Markowski and Richardson

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Read Holton pages 284-289

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Lecture notes

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Movies of mountain wave numerical simulations

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Review of Buoyancy and Stability Theory

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Overview of Waves

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Derivation of Buoyancy Term in Vertical Momentum Equation

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Thermal Simulations

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Storm Simulations

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NTSB Weather Factual Report

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NTSB Weather Factual Report Addendum

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LLWAS Data from Denver, CO

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Mountain Wave Schematics and Aircraft Flight Data

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Photograph of a Hydraulic Jump in the Kitchen!

Unit 3:  Boundary-Layer Phenomena and Mesoscale Instabilities

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Read Chapters 3 and 4 of Markowski and Richardson

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Lecture notes on Planetary Boundary Layer

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Lecture notes on the Dryline (pages 132-140)

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Dryline Convective Initiation Case Study (includes movies!!)

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Lecture Notes on Land and Sea Breezes  (pages 98-99, 149-153) (Movie of the Florida Sea Breeze)

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Lecture Notes on Horizontal Convective Rolls (HCRs) (pages 89, 151, 189-190)
    Fovell Materials and Movies
    [Useful COMET Module on Slantwise Convection]

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Lecture Notes on Lake Effect Snow Storms and Symmetric Instability  (Movie of Radar Images From Lake Effect Snow Storms) (pages 53-58)

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Images of Banded Precipitation from Symmetric Instability:  Image1, Image2

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Figure 3.5   Figure 3.9   Figure 3.10

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Case Study of Conditional Symmetric Instability (CSI)

Unit 4:  Deep Convective Storms and Mesoscale Systems

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Read Chapters 8 and 9 plus Section 5.3 of Markowski and Richardson

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Single Cell (Airmass) Storms (pages 201-209)

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Figure 2.6   Figure 2.7  

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Multicell Storms (pages 209-213) and Movies of Density Currents

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Lines and Convective Systems (245-271)

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    Paper on Density Currents and RKW Theory (Davies-Jones and Markowski) 

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Supercell Storms (213-243)

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The Wind Hodograph

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Dynamics of Supercell Rotation, Propagation and Splitting (213-243)

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    Bluestein Review Article 

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    Movie of a Supercell Storm

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    Movie Showing Development of Updraft Rotation

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    Ming Xue's High-Resolution Simulation of a Supercell, Wall Cloud and Tornado

Unit 5:  Tornado Dynamics

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Read Section 10.1 (pages 273-293) in Markowski and Richardson

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Tornadoes (PPT) and Tornadoes (PDF)

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Davies-Jones et al. (2001)

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Davies-Jones Paper on Barotropic Tornadogenesis via Hook Echoes

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Ming Xue's High-Resolution Simulation of a Supercell, Wall Cloud and Tornado

Unit 6:  Hurricane Dynamics

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Hurricane Dynamics

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Tornadoes and Hurricanes (McCaul 1991)

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McCaul Figures from Class

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Hurricanes and Climate Change

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Millersville University Lecture on Hurricane Dynamics

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Animation of Carnot Cycle